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In this Project-Based Learning (PBL) lesson, students design a monument for a historical figure or event relating to the period of Reconstruction. Prior to this lesson, students should have an understanding of the components of Reconstruction including major figures, concepts, and events, in accordance with their state and local curriculum.

Common Core Standards of Learning


Explain connections among historical contexts and people’s perspectives at the time.


Generate questions about multiple historical sources and their relationships to particular historical events and developments.


Infer the intended audience and purpose of a historical source from information within the source itself.

Learning Objectives
  • Students will be able to identify and describe the major events and figures of the Reconstruction era in the United States. (i.e. Jim Crow laws, and segregation)
  • Students will be able to describe how “Jim Crow” laws and segregation affected people (American Indians, whites, and African Americans) during the Reconstruction era in the United States.
  • Students will understand how monuments can help memorialize and explain important events during Reconstruction.
Guiding Questions
  • Who were the major figures of the period of Reconstruction, and what impact did they have?
  • What are “Jim Crow” Laws and segregation? How did they impact people at the time (American Indians, whites, and African Americans)?
  • How do towns, states and the country memorialize (remember) important people and major events?
  • PBL Driving Question: What do you want people to remember about Reconstruction from your monument? How should people feel when they visit?
Kim MCLeod Armstrong Elementary School, Reston,VA Elementary
Six Class Period