Civil War 150: Desertion in the Union Army

3 min. Read

Desertion was a problem for both the Confederate and the Union armies, even though it was a serious offense punishable by death. Politicians and generals complained that soldiers were being granted leave on the eve of major battles in which their presence was necessary to the cause. After the Battle of Fredericksburg, when morale was…

Civil War 150: The Gettysburg Address

On November 19, 1863, 15,000 people stood in the brisk autumn air in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to partake in the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery. Four months earlier, the ground had been littered with bodies and remnants of the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.

Civil War 150: The Battle of Gettysburg

4 min. Read

By July 1863, the Confederate army’s continuing success in battle emboldened General Lee to move the war into the north. While Lee and his troops passed through Maryland into Pennsylvania, Lincoln replaced General Joseph Hooker with General George Meade, who hastily pursued Lee. On the morning of July 1, the two armies finally met outside…